Satyopanishad – Upanishad Of Sri Sathya Sai – Part 22

Sathya Sai Baba

Sathya Sai Baba

Satyopanishad – Upanishad Of Sri Sathya Sai – Part 22
Anil Kumar Kamaraju Questions Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! Pardon me for asking this question. At an advanced stage in our life when somehow our memory fades, we will not be able to remember all that we should. What is to be done?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: You are mistaken. Never say that your memory is fading. You say you are old. It is only an excuse, but it is not really so. You remember your date of birth, you remember exactly when you married, when your children were born, when you performed their marriages, when your grandchildren were born, when you joined service and retired. If what you say is correct, that you are losing your memory as you are aging, how do you remember these details then? It is only love for your family that makes you remember these dates. You have interest in these matters. Since you do not have such intense love for and interest in spirituality, you take advantage of your advanced age as a lame excuse for complaining that your memory is fading. A fruit may be fully ripe, yet the seed within is hard.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! What are the sources of our peace, happiness, wealth, comforts and convenience? How do we get them? Why are some denied these most coveted things?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: You don’t get anything in life for nothing. One gets these things in life because of any one of the following three reasons. Take one simple example. You know banking. You are an account holder. Suppose you want some money. What should you do? You go to your bank and get the money. But you should be having enough money to your credit and by submitting a cheque, affixing your signature you can withdraw the money you want. If you have no money to your credit in the account; you don’t get any money. Yet, you need money. How to get it? If you mortgage your permanent assets like gold or landed property, the bank will give you some money proportionately. You may not have permanent assets. Still you want money. Then, if a rich man stands as a surety or guarantor, the bank will give you the money you need. Thus, these three are ways of getting money from the bank.

Here money is God’s grace. If you are doing some good deeds in the present i.e. depositing some amount of money in your account, you can withdraw the money of God’s grace in the future. If in the present there is no such credit, at least the good deeds you did in the past, that is to say, your permanent assets when mortgaged to the bank, entitle you to receive money. Without these two good acts you may still be eligible to draw money from your bank. If a rich man i.e. God or an Avatar or a Sadguru stands as your guarantor. So, you receive God’s grace either because of your past merit, or present merit, or if a rich man stands as a surety or guarantor. There is no other way. These are the reasons for a person’s affluence, luxury, life of happiness, comforts and conveniences.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! You tell us that we are not mrnmaya (dust thou art), but cinmaya (you are awareness). Therefore, we devotees, should know that we are not simply the body, but awareness. You also repeatedly say, “You are God.” Then, when I am God, aham brahmasmi, why should I pray? Where is the need for all this spiritual exercise, then?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: You may know or may not, you may agree or may not, and you may believe or may not, but you are God indeed. “Mamaivamso jivaloke,” said Krishna in the Gita, which means “You are mine, you are the spark of My Divinity”.

The three divine attributes sat / being, cit / awareness, and ananda / bliss are in you. Prajna, conscience in you is divine. So, it is said, prajnanam brahma. The great mahavakya, the supreme statement, also says, tattvamasi / “That thou art”.

We have today intelligent people who observe plurality or multiplicity in unity. But good, noble, and pious persons who find unity in diversity are rare. Once it so happened that a little tiger cub got mixed in a flock of sheep. Thus, moving about with the group for some time, the cub thought that he was also one of the sheep family. One day a tiger came that way and attacked the sheep. On seeing the tiger, the cub started shivering, and said, “Oh! Don’t kill me. I am one of the sheep, after all, so weak”. Then the tiger spoke to the cub, “Why do you fear? You are not one of the sheep. You are a tiger. Come on. Follow me. Look into the river and see your reflection there in this water and compare your figure with mine. You will find the same stripes on the coat of your body, a moustache on your mouth and a roaring sound in your voice. Why do you think you are one of this flock of sheep. Oh dear one? You have forgotten your true identity and nature”. The cub then realised its true nature and abandoned fear from its mind.

Similarly, in the field of spirituality, a guru, through his uppedsa, divine teaching, tells you your true identity. Once you separate yourself from all that is not your true Self, spirit or atma, you will experience your reality, i.e. atma. Therefore, self-enquiry is very essential. I say “You are God” but this truth has not come into your experience. You should continue your spiritual practice until you’ve experienced it. You have to continue your bhajans, meditations, etc., till the reality is experienced.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! By now we have known about divinity very well. What more do we need in this world?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: You are mistaken. It is not enough if you merely know. If you spend your lifetime reading books when are you going to experience Bliss? It is experience which is important and not bookish or scriptural knowledge. The Gita refers to three specific steps in spirituality, jnatum / knowledge, drastum / sight and pravestum / experience.

Suppose you want to eat a delicious item. What do you do first? You know about delicacies such as kurma, pulao, etc. Then in the next step, these two items, pulao and kurma are to be served on a plate. It is not enough if you know / jnatum, the items and see / drastum. Isn’t it? You have to eat and enjoy the dishes, pravestum / experience. So mere information and knowledge are useless. You should practice and realise. This is wisdom and when you attain it, you find yourself immersed in bliss and you remain dumb.

The same thing has been explained in the Brahmasutras also. The first principle is: athato brahma jijnasa which means, athato / hereafter, brahma / about God, jijnasa / developing interest. But what is meant by ‘hereafter’? When exactly should we develop interest in Brahman? This word “athato”, is interpreted in many many ways by scholars and visionaries. They run to volumes. But what is first needed is karma jijnasa / interest in action, later dharma jijnasa / interest in discrimination, and finally bramha jijnasa / interest in divinity.

I give simple examples for you to understand this. Suppose you want to eat coconut chutney. What do you do first? You should procure all the material necessary for its preparation. This is karma jijnasa. You should grind all the material so procured nicely. This is dharma jijnasa . You have to keep it on the tongue to decide the taste and to know if anything else should be added to it. This is brahma jijnasa. This means mere karma jijnasa is not enough. You need at the next stage, dharma jijnasa and finally, you develop interest in Brahman, brahma jijnasa. The wisdom so gained must be practised and experienced. You should share the bliss with others.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! We do both good and bad deeds. Don’t our good actions nullify the evil effects of our bad actions? Don’t they at least balance each other? In other words, will our good actions cancel the bad effects of our misdeeds?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: Since you are a Commerce student, you have put this question. All your thinking is along the direction of credit and debit. But, God, you know, is a super divine accountant. His balance sheet is not of your type. He will make you face the consequences of your actions, good for good actions and bad for bad actions. He will not add or subtract any of the consequences of your actions.

A small example I give you in this context. Suppose you have some seeds of both thorny plants and fruit-bearing trees. When you sow them, what will happen? The seeds of the thorny plants will germinate into thorny bushes and the seeds of the fruit bearing trees will germinate into fruit bearing ones respectively. Germination will never happen contrary to this, will it? The same is the case with your sinful deeds and the meritorious.

You must have seen persons who vow to offer ten thousand rupees to Lord Venkateswara if they win a lottery for ten lakhs. Can’t they understand that God who can give you ten lakh rupees doesn’t expect your ten thousand rupees? They don’t think reasonably and logically. People think according to their worldly standards. But, Swami wants you to spiritualise your worldly actions as well.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! Is it not enough if we are good? How can we know God?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: Remove one “o” from ‘Good’. If that extra “o” prakrti or body feeling is given up, it becomes God. You know the letter “W”. It is double ‘you’, i.e., the individual soul jivatma and the cosmic soul, paramatma. It is the illusion, maya that prevents you from knowing the unity of the two. If you repeat “my” a couple of times, it will sound like “maya”.

It is the feeling of ‘mine’ and ‘thine’ that is responsible for all the misery of the world. You are least disturbed if your neighbour’s car is damaged. But if there is a slight scratch on your own car you are very much worried and disturbed. If your neighbour sells or disposes of his house it matters nothing to you. But if circumstances force you to dispose of your own house, you will feel very very sad. Why? The feeling “this is my house”, makes you feel sad. This feeling of ‘mine’ is maya if this is gone, you will experience unity in diversity.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! It is said that we can’t escape from the consequence of our actions Why do we find some wicked people happy in spite of their treacherous deeds?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: Here we should note one important point. You say some wicked people are happy. They may do all the misdeeds smiling but later they have to cry and suffer. Some actions give results immediately, some take some more time, while others a long time. I give you a small example. If a blade cuts your finger, your blood gushes out immediately. This is an action that gives result from the cut immediately. To draw milk from the udder of a cow it takes some time. This is the second category of action. It takes food a few hours to be digested. This is the third category of action.

If you sow a seed, it takes a long time to germinate and grow into a plant. So also your actions give results at different points of time. It is all a question of time. One must necessarily face the consequence of one’s own actions without fail.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! Since all forms and names are divine, what is the need then for the Lord to incarnate in human form?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: You do not know until I tell you that all forms and names are His. You need to be told of the divine nature i.e., sat / being, cit / awareness, and ananda / bliss. This is the purpose of incarnation. God in human form is the embodiment of love. He teaches and makes everyone experience love.

Though flowers, thread and a needle are present, don’t you need someone to make a garland?
In spite of gold and pearls being available, shouldn’t you have a goldsmith to make a chain?
The wick, container and oil will not give light unless you light the lamp, will they?

Avatar, God incarnate, sets an ideal for the entire humanity. There is nothing He needs in this world as everything is His only.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! We feel that life is going on and on. But it sounds purposeless and aimless. Kindly tell us about the purpose of life.

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: ‘Yecat inundi vaccitivo acati keguta naijamu pranikotikin’ (Telugu verse). It is necessary that you should go back to the place of your origin. Truly, you should know that you are from God and you should go back to God.

A pot, a slate, etc., can be made out of clay. Suppose you have a pot. After using it for sometime, you drop it by accident. It falls to the ground and breaks into pieces over which several automobiles pass crushing the pieces further. Then, what happens? You get the clay back again. So earlier it was clay and at the end it is clay once again The pot also is made of clay. Similarly, you are from God, bound to God and are God as well. Realisation of this truth is the purpose of life.

One example. Any letter you post should have two addresses, one to whom you have written, another your own address, so that if by any chance, it doesn’t reach the addressee, it will come back to you at least. But, if the addresses are not written it will go to the dead letter office. Similarly, you should know where you come from and where you go from here.

Merging in God or to be one with reality, or total identity with God is the ultimate aim of life. “Punarapi jananam punarapi maranam punarapi janani jathare sayanam.” (Adi Sankara’s Bhaja Govindam). After all, the whole thing is a cycle of repeated births and deaths. After death one has to go back to the womb of the mother and be born once again. It is only life after life. But spirituality helps you, so to say, not to be born. Having died, you don’t have to die once again by having another birth. You take medicine so that you don’t have to fall sick once again. Death should take you to immortality.

One more example. Once a prisoner was released after the completion of the prison term. The jailor said to him, “Pack your baggage and leave!” The prisoner in reply said, “Sir! Why the trouble of taking the baggage? Anyhow I will come back soon.” It implies that he will commit some crime again and is prepared to put himself behind bars. Our life should not be like that. It should be like the newspaper. Today’s newspaper is not read tomorrow. Why? Today’s newspaper is tomorrow’s waste paper. Always remember that you are from God, in God and will go back to God.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! I find many people sad. People who are rich and in a high position also are sad. Why? Please tell us what we need to do?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: There are two reasons for this. People are sad thinking of the past. Don’t you know that the past is beyond recovery? Having walked all along and passed by several things, why do you need to look back? Past is past. Don’t brood over the past. The second reason for sadness is worry about the future. Where is the guarantee that you will survive until your plans are realised? Do you know what will happen to you in the next moment? What is destined and bound to happen will happen in its own course. Everything goes according to God’s will. Why do you worry? The future is uncertain. Suppose you go on accumulating money with the idea of educating your son and sending him abroad, where is the guarantee that he will study well? So don’t think of the past and future. Live in the present and be happy. This is not the ordinary present. This is omnipresent.

One simple example here. In the past it was a tree. In the present you have a seed of that tree. In the future it grows into a tree. So the present is the result of the past. It is the foundation of the future. Keep this in mind. Then, you will never worry and feel sad.

There is another reason for sadness. Unlimited desires also are responsible for your sadness. For example, if you drop a piece of cloth, it falls down. Why? Due to its weight it falls down, doesn’t it? But if it is cotton, it never goes down, instead it goes up. Why? Since it is light in weight it goes up. The man on the moon loses his weight. Having been a householder for fifty years you should be totally detached. A grhasta, householder, should become a vanaprastha, recluse and finally, a sanyasi, renunciant. If your desires are less, you will be happier. “Less luggage more comfort make travel a pleasure”, is the slogan of the railways.

The more you love God the more will you be happy. For this, faith is necessary.

Where there is Faith, there is Love.
Where there is Love, there is Peace.
Where there is Peace, there is Truth
Where there is Truth, there is God.
Where there is God, there is Bliss.

It begins with faith and ends in Bliss.

Upanishad means the “inner” or “mystic teaching”. The term Upanishad is derived from “upa” (near), “ni” (down) and “shad” (to sit), i.e., sitting down near. Groups of pupils sit near the teacher to learn from him/her the secret doctrine. In the quietude of the forest hermitages the Upanishadic thinkers pondered on the problems of deepest concerns and communicated their knowledge to fit pupils near them. The most well known Upanishads are: Aitareya, Brihadaranyaka, Taittiriya, Chandogya, Kena, Isa, Svetasvatara, Katha, Mundaka, Mandukya, Prasna, Kausitaki, Maitrayani, Muktika and Shakta. The Satyopanishad is the Upanishad of Truth (Sathya) but more specifically the Truth as revealed by Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba. Anil Kumar questions the illustrious Guru and provides us with Sathya Sai Baba’s answers to ponder, ruminate and derive ananda.

Twenty Seven Pages Of Satyopanishad:
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Puttaparthi to get total makeover

Puttaparthi to get total makeover
Express News Service
First Published : 26 Feb 2010 05:10:00 AM IST

HYDERABAD: Puttaparthi will get a new makeover as the State Government is gearing up to take up works worth about Rs 5 crore before commencement of the 85th birthday celebrations of Sri Sathya Sai Baba on November 23. Chief Minister K Rosaiah today directed various departments to speed up works pertaining to roads, drainages, drinking water supply and other beautification works at the earliest in coordination with the Puttaparthi Urban Development Authority.

The works to be taken up include repair and maintenance of roads worth Rs 3 crore by the Roads and Buildings Department, completion of Rs 1.64 crore worth road works by the Panchayat Raj Department and completion of the drinking water supply scheme at a cost of Rs 75 lakh by the Rural Water Supply Department. The Tourism Department will take up beautification of bunds around the Chitravati river and other works. All these works will be completed before the 85th birthday celebration of Sri Satya Sai Baba on November 23, keeping in view of large number of devotees including foreigners visiting Puttaparthi on the occasion.

Tourism and Information Minister J Geetha Reddy, Roads and Buildings Minister Galla Aruna, Municipal Administration and Urban Development Minister Anam R a m n a r ay a n Re d d y, Panchayat Raj Minister Botsa Satyanarayana and other officials were present.

Express Buzz Reference

Thoughts For A Pious Campus

Thoughts For A Pious Campus
By Mike Boylan | February 19, 2010

Sathya Sai Baba is a religious guru from India who has been sharing his spiritual guidance for over 50 years.

He claims to be the reincarnate of 19th Century miracle worker Sai Baba of Shirdi and will be reborn for the third and last time as Prema Sai Baba. His devotees accept this claim. There have been hundreds of contemporaneous eyewitness accounts of the many miracles Sai Baba has performed, including materializing rainbows and portraits of Jesus with the wave of his hand, healing the sick and many others. Even some who reject his divinity, accept the validity of these miracles.

He claims all the prayers in the world go through him, the first and only true avatar. While most Sai Baba devotees are natives of southern India and are of Hindu orientation, he has converted many non-Hindus from Europe and even the United States.

These accounts are quite compelling. If one has doubts, they can take comfort in knowing there are more than one million Sai Baba devotees. The $1,200 plane ticket is a small price to pay for the privilege of being in the presence of a true avatar.

However, it is not the man, but rather his obscurity and irrelevance to the acclaimed monotheisms of our contemporary world that is significant.

Not ever hearing of Sai Baba is not difficult to understand. This is because anytime someone espouses their devotion to Sai Baba with any conviction, something very natural occurs: people stop listening. These people are not taken seriously, nor are they respected by anyone who warrants reciprocation of these courtesies. In other words, these ideas naturally flow to the margins of our society. Nobody is in outrage over this.

But this consensus contradicts the manner in which we revere and uphold widely practiced religions. The compelling firsthand accounts of Sai Baba’s divinity is leaving members of other faiths perfectly unstirred. They are not losing sleep over whether they have wasted their lives worshipping false prophets and gods. Christians, for example, are happily content with their faith in first century miracles that were not written until decades after Jesus’ death, nor were they even firsthand accounts; two things many biblical scholars have agreed on.

The standards we hold for religious belief indicate that Sai Baba devotees are not merely as worthy, but in fact more worthy of social acceptance than those who presuppose the divinity of certain books, yet, this is not the case.

There appears to be no identifiable or intelligible criterion for qualifying religions belief or divine intervention. What follows from this is that all beliefs should be accepted equally and without prejudice in order to avoid arbitrary favoritism. The logical end to this proposition is no claim can be justifiably rejected, yet, this is not the present state of our discourse. In both casual and professional conversations, we often do not hesitate to unequivocally reject claims found to be nonsensical.

If simply being useful and charitable should suffice toleration for beliefs, our kinship with Hamas, the militant Islamic political organization in Palestine, should be more transparent, for they are as committed to terror and Jihad as they are to charitable works for the thousands of impoverished and indigent Palestinians. Both Hamas and leading monotheisms partake in similar endeavors: acquiring authority over other people’s lives guised as angelic mercy, faith and humility, all in the name of God.

A distressing reality is this enigmatic social dysfunction and hypocrisy stem from a premise – belief in possessing absolute knowledge of God’s will – that is utterly deranged. Sathaya Sai Baba isn’t afforded the time of day from just about every corner of the world, yet the sustenance of divine proclamations from the Iron and middle ages are closely supervised and protected from the heresy and apostasy that is slowly infiltrating the masses. Is there anyone who sees a problem with this?

Collegian Reference

Satyopanishad – Upanishad Of Sri Sathya Sai – Part 21

Sathya Sai Baba

Sathya Sai Baba

Satyopanishad – Upanishad Of Sri Sathya Sai – Part 21
Anil Kumar Kamaraju Questions Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! We know that we should cultivate good qualities right from our childhood. But, now, at this hour, how are we to cultivate them?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: First of all, you should fully realize the need to acquire good qualities and cultivate them sincerely. You should also know to what exalted heights of nobility they would take you. Then you should find out your own faults. The day you shed your bad qualities, you can fill your life with good qualities, just as you fill a tumbler with milk after emptying the water inside it. Otherwise, if the tumbler still retains water inside it, it will not be possible to fill it with milk. So, always remember that the removal of immortality is immortality. First, begin the process by correcting yourself.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! Many people emphasise theimportance of character. But, they interpret character in many different ways. So, what exactly is character? Let us know from you.

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: Character is the most important thing. Life without character is like a pot full of holes. Water can never be retained in a pot with holes. So, the essential human quality will never be retained in the life of a person without character. This is what Prahlada too remarked. One day he saw a beautiful lady leaving his palace. He asked her, “Who are you?” She said, “I am your kingdom”. He kept quiet. After some time, he saw another very beautiful woman coming out of his royal palace. He asked her, “Who are you?” She said, “I am your wealth”. Again, he kept quiet. After some time, he saw an angel coming out of his palace. He asked her, “Who are you”? She responded saying, “I am your reputation.” He kept quiet. This time, he saw a woman with a brilliant face and with heavenly effulgence all around her, the like of whom he had never seen before, leaving his palace. He asked her, “Who are you?” She said, “I am your character”. Immediately Prahlada fell at her feet and repeatedly pleaded with her not to leave his palace. She obliged him and went back. The others (reputation, wealth and kingdom) immediately followed her. Therefore, where there is character, the rest will follow automatically. So, I often tell our students:

Politics without Principles
Science without Humanity
Commerce without Morality, and
Education without Character
Are not only useless but also dangerous

I repeatedly tell you:

The end of Education is Character,
The end of Culture is Perfection,
The end of Knowledge is Love,
The end of Wisdom is Freedom.

What is character? Perfect harmony in thought, word, and deed is character: manasyekam vacasyekam karmanyekam mahatmanam. Whatever you think, say it and do it. Your thought, word and deed must be one and the same. This is character. Manassanyat vacassanyat karman anyat duratmanam, it is only the wicked that think, say and act differently. This was very well demonstrated by Hanuman in the Ramayana. Rama commanded him to go in search of Sita, crossing the mighty sea. He did so with His infinite blessings. Given this divine assignment, Hanuman said, “Yes” and immediately jumped from the top of that Mahendra Mountain.

Here three points are to be noted. Hanuman decided to do his Lord’s bidding. This decision is the first thing. Then he declared on the mountain top of Mahendra that he was proceeding on His mission. This declaration is the second thing. Thereafter, immediately he started his journey flying across the sky over the sea. Action followed the declaration. This is the third thing. In Hanuman, we find these three, ‘decision / thought’, ‘declaration / word’ and ‘action / deed’ or the three “H’s”: Head, Heart and Hand in perfect harmony and integration. This is Character.

There is another important thing you should always keep in mind to guard your character. I give you ‘Watch’ as the ‘watch-word’. Here every letter has a message and an instruction. ‘Watch’ is a word with five letters. The first letter ‘W’ stands for the ‘words’ that we use. So, ‘Watch your words’. The words should be filled with truth. You speak truth. So, watch that your words express truth. The second letter is ‘A’ which stands for ‘action’. ‘Watch your actions’. They should be dharmic. The third letter is ‘T’ and represents ‘thoughts’. ‘Watch you thoughts’. They should be calm, never disturbing and agitating. So, let your thoughts be of santi. The fourth letter is ‘C’, ‘Watch your character’. Throughout your life, your character should be perfect. This is possible if you have pure prema. Love will make you achieve everything in this world. Human character is based on selfless, pure and divine love. The fifth letter is ‘H’. It represents ‘Heart’. ‘Watch you Heart’. ‘Heart’ in Sanskrit is hrdaya. This is hrt together with daya. ‘Daya’ is compassion. The one with ‘daya’ is hrdaya. Where there is violence, there is no daya, compassion. You should not be violent in your words, thoughts, or deeds. You should not harm people by your looks, words, thoughts and actions. You can watch your Heart with full understanding of your thoughts, words, and deeds so that your Heart is full of ahimsa. Ahimsa can be achieved by understanding.

So the five letters of this word ‘watch’ represent Satya (w-words), Dharma (A-actions), santi (T-thoughts), Prema (C-character) and Ahimsa (H-heart). These values constitute ‘Character’. It is character that takes humanity to Divinity. Without character, a man falls to the level of a beast. In certain respects, even animals are much better than human beings as they have a season and a reason for their behaviour.

We can view character from two angles. One is Individual character and the other is National character. Individual character emphasises the code of conduct. The second is National character. Everyone is to act in the national interest. Today, we have leaders with neither of the two, or both missing. This is the cause of the present sad plight of the country. When students have these two, they will mould themselves into ideal citizens of the country. Nitiye jati, adi vadilitivo koti kante hinudavu:

A true nation should have character. Without that, you are worse than a monkey. So character is most essential and prevails when there is total unity and harmony in the 3H’s, as I often say for our EHV. (Education in Human Values) programme, ‘Head / word’, ‘Heart / thought’ and ‘Hand / action’.

Question) Anil Kumar: Bhagawan! We are indeed very grateful to you for telling us so clearly and vividly the way we should view life in general. What are those essential qualities you wish we develop?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: Unless the foundation is strong, a building cannot stand firm and last long. So, the foundation is very important. You can construct any number of floors basing on a firm foundation. Self confidence is the foundation. These days many do not have self confidence. They do not even attempt to do anything worthwhile as they have no confidence in themselves. How do you expect them to be successful? If a person has no confidence in himself, what can be done for his progress? On the foundation of self confidence are erected the walls of self-satisfaction. A man with self confidence alone can have selfsatisfaction. A man without confidence can never have satisfaction in his lifetime. So, the walls of self-satisfaction rest on the foundation of self confidence. Then the roof must be laid. Self-sacrifice is the roof. Gaining satisfaction out of confidence, one prepares oneself for sacrifice. You cannot live in a building without a roof. The roof rests on walls, and the walls, in their turn, stand on the foundation. Then, we live in the house. Life in such a house is self-realisation. So, everyone must develop these four “S’s”: Self-confidence, Self-satisfaction, Self-sacrifice and Self-realisation.

You need to cultivate three “D’s” also. You must know that a VIP, like the Rashtrapati, the President of India will always be followed by two bodyguards one on either side. The first ‘D’ is duty that stands for Rashtrapati. He is accompanied by two D’ s one on each side, ‘discipline’ and ‘devotion’. To discharge duty ably, discipline is very essential. Without discipline, you will never be successful.

Normal body temperature is 98.4. One’s normal blood pressure is 120/80. If there is deviation from the normal rate, you are sick. Changes in blood pressure lead to heart complaints also. So, our body is a limited company with all the systems working in strict discipline. The eye can see the intensity of light only up to a certain limit. If it crosses the limit, the retina of the eye gets burnt. Similarly, the ear also can hear sound to a certain extent, and if it is exceeded, the eardrum breaks. This is the lesson in discipline that the body teaches.

The second thing that is required for performing one’s duty is devotion. Devotion is Love.

Duty with Love is Desirable,
Duty without Love is Deplorable,
Love without Devotion is Demonic,
Love without Duty is Divine.

Everybody must be devoted to duty with discipline.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! We have to work for our own moksha. But, how can we develop spiritually the basic human quality? Will spiritual awareness help us to be more human and ultimately experience the divine?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: Today, everyone appears to be a human being by virtue of having a human body. But, it is by virtue of your behaviour and nature that you are a human being. You should be a human being. You seem to have forgotten the value of human life. Kaya, the body, kala, time, karma, the action, kartavya, duties, and karana, the purpose of life are all either misused or misdirected or wasted. Though there is considerable progress in science and technology, the basic human values are lost. Everywhere there is the atmosphere of fear, anxiety, tension or insecurity or agitation and restlessness.

To cultivate human values two qualities yama, restraint and niyama, regulation and the five principles ahimsa / nonviolence, satyam / truth, asteyam / not coveting others’ property, aparigraham / not accepting or expecting anything from anybody and brahmacaryam / celibacy are essential.

Ahimsa does not merely mean refraining from killing or hurting anybody. By thought, word, or deed, no one should be hurt or pained. This is true ahimsa or nonviolence. If you are harsh to anybody, it is violence. If you harbour evil thoughts towards anybody, it is violence. If you cast bad looks on anyone, it is violence. Therefore, non-violence means not causing harm to anyone and not hurting anybody either by thought, word or deed.

Then, the second principle is satyam, truth. In the ordinary sense, you think that truth is telling exactly what you see, hear, and know. This is worldly truth. Even scientific laws are not constant. They change from time to time with new inventions, discoveries, observations and experiments. They may be called scientific truths, or material truths. Newspapers convey facts and not truth. Then what is truth? That which is permanent, eternal and changeless is satyam, truth. Truth is God. You should speak truth in an acceptable and pleasing way.

The third principle is asteyam, you shall not covet others’ property. You shall not steal. Asteyam in the true sense means not entertaining any thought to own or possess others’ property or that which doesn’t belong to you.

The fourth one is aparigraha. Don’t expect anything from anybody. Don’t accept anything from anybody. But, you can accept things from your parents, Guru and God. You should not bother or pester your parents with demands they cannot afford to meet. You should accept wisdom and grace from your preceptor. But from God you must accept anything He gives you. Therefore, you are not permitted to receive anything from anyone. You should not be become rnagrasta / indebted to anybody. Give, but don’t receive.

The fifth principle is brahmacarya, celibacy. Brahmacarya doesn’t mean remaining unmarried. A brahmacari is one who treads the brahmamarga. Cariyuncuta (Telugu) of Brahman is brahmacari or a celibate. Harmony in thought, word and deed is brahmacarya.

Then, there are five niyamas. They are tapas / penance, saucam / cleanliness, santosam / contentment, svadhyayam / scriptural reading, and isvara pranidhanam / dedicating all deeds to God.

Saucam includes both outer and inner cleanliness. It is not enough if you are clean outwardly, taking bath everyday and wearing ironed clothes. You should be clean inwardly also. Attachment and hatred usually pollute your mind. You should see that the mind is not polluted by these two evils. Therefore, both outer purity and inner purity are necessary.

The second niyama is tapas, penance. Tapas does not mean that you should run away from home leaving behind your property. It doesn’t mean that you should break your family ties and go to a forest or stand upside down with your head on the ground and the legs up above. No, true penance means saying what you think and doing it accordingly. In other words, the three H’s “Head, Heart and Hand” should be integrated by thought, word and deed. Giving up bad thoughts and deeds is penance. Pining for God or yearning for God is penance. Purging your heart with sacred thoughts is penance.

The third niyama is santosam. You are under the impression that by fulfilling your desires, you will be satisfied and happy, No. Contentment lies in putting a ceiling on your desires. Too many desires make your life miserable. You may offer any number of objects and any amount of material to fire. It will burn them all to ashes. Fire never says “no” or “enough” at any time. Like that, desires also have no limit.

The fourth niyama is svadhyaya or study of the Holy Scriptures. You should read everyday one Holy Scripture. This is called parayana, worshipful reading of a religious book everyday. This cleanses your mind to some extent.

The fifth one is isvara pranidhanam. God is in you in the form of your conscience. You should satisfy your conscience. This is most important.

Thus the five yamas and the five niyamas will help you achieve the objectives or goals of life purusarthas and sustain your human values making you a true human being.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! Our ancients gave top priority to satya, truth. It is not so now. Is satya so very important?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: It is remarked that of all the values of life satya, truth is the highest, Satyannasti paro dharmah. All have truth as the basis. God is truth. The entire creation came into existence from that truth and will ultimately merge in truth.

So, understand that God is truth and that truth is God. So, live in truth. Truth is the foundation of righteous conduct and the route to peace, which will make your life one of love.

Why is the history of Harischandra remembered till this day? Because he adhered to truth at any cost even sacrificing his wife, son and kingdom.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! We do not have a precise idea of what dharma is and we are not able to conduct ourselves according to the little knowledge we have. Scholars expound dharma in a variety of ways. They designate one thing as dharma in one context and quite another in a different context. This adds to our confusion. Kindly explain dharma to us.

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: What our elders and scholars had taught about dharma needs to be understood correctly. You should not hastily conclude that their views are contradictory. Take for example the dictum, satyannasti paro dharmah. What is to be chiefly noted here? The dictum means, ‘There is no dharma higher than satyam,’ and more too. The deeper meaning is, ‘the foundation of dharma is satyam.’ Now consider another dictum, ahimsa paramo dharmah. What does this mean? Earlier it is satyam which is said to be the foundation of dharma. Now, ahimsa, absence from violence, is called the highest dharma. Now ahimsa does not mean only refraining from violence. Harming none through word, deed or thought is true ahimsa. Here, it is seen that satyam has been touched upon obliquely. Satyam knows neither fear nor wrath. Satyagraha is not a hapy compound word. Where there is satyam, wrath does not exist. Satyam does not inflict pain. One, who is rooted in satyam, cannot undertake violence. Rather he considers ahimsa as his dharma. It is also said, vedokhilo dharmamulam. Veda which desribes yajnas, yagas and other rituals treats their performance as dharma. It is our duty to perform the deeds enjoined on us by Veda. Here, you have to consider dharma from the perspective of duty. You have to perform your duty, fulfil your obligations. Therefore, it is said, kartavyam yoga ucyate. In the verse from Gita, svadharme nidhanam sreyah, paradharmo bhayavahah, you have to realise that “svadharme” refers to atmadharma. On the other hand, the dharmas of the four castes and of the four stages, of life are matters of birth. The population of the world is a mixture of black, white, yellow, and brown hues and these are to be found in all countries. The dharmas of the four stages of life brahmacarya, garhastya, vanaprastha, and sanyasa are to be viewed as four kinds of steps, four processes of sadhana to reach Brahman, after performing the deeds enjoined as one’s duty. Thus, dharma is very subtle. The life force of satyam resides in utterance as does that of dharma in practice or action.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! Transformation of Man, how does this come about?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: Actually transformation of man is transformation of mind. You wrongly tend to call it transformation of the heart. The heart is not the physical heart located in the left side of the chest. The spiritual heart is quite different and is all-pervasive. This is existence of awareness, and is not subject to change. Transformation of the mind is truly important, for only the one endowed with mind is to be called Man. An individual passes away, but his mind survives. That is why it is said, mana eva manus yanam, karanam bandhamoksayoh. The mind alone is the cause of bondage or release of men. When the mind reaches out, as it does in the Pravrttimarga, it gets saturated with desires, ideas, and worldly concerns. But when it is withdrawn in the nivrttimarga, all these are subdued. This state is called amanaskam, disinterestedness, and facilitates the experience of peace and joy. This is what is meant by transformation of the mind. Then alone is transformation of men possible.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! How are we to comprehend the three-fold path, karma, bhakti and jnana?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: You study your own wrist watches. Every watch has three hands the second, minute and hour, hasn’t it? The second hand should go round sixty times for the minute hand to move one place. Then the minute hand should go round sixty times for the hour hand to move to the next place. Here the second hand is karma marga, path of selfless action. The minute hand is bhakti marga, path of devotion, while the hour hand is jnana marga, path of wisdom.

I will give you another example. Most of you travel by train as you go home for vacation. You have three ways of reaching your destination. You can board a train, an express train that takes you to your place straight. You can also get into a train where the coach in which you are seated will be connected to another train at a railway junction. It is a through carriage and so you do not have to get down anywhere in between and change. Then there is another way. You catch a train and travel some distance, get down at a junction, and board another train to reach your place. This is a passenger train.

These three ways of journey hold good in the spiritual path as well. The path of selfless service, karma marga is travel by a passenger train. The path of devotion, bhakti marga is travel by a through carriage where the carriage will be connected without your having to get down, to another train. Finally, the path of wisdom, jnana marga, is an express train that takes you straight to your destination.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! It is said that we cannot escape from the consequences of our actions. It means we are responsible for both the good and the bad we experience. The fruits of our actions, thus, are inescapable. Then, how does devotion to God help us? Why should we be devoted to God at all?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: God created the whole world and gave it to man to be happy and to utilise it freely. But, however, he gave it on one condition. “Oh Man! You do whatever you want, but be prepared to face the fruits of your actions. You cannot escape from the consequences of your actions. In full knowledge of this, from now, you can enjoy and do whatever you wish to in this world.”

So, for both good and bad, your actions are responsible. Then why should you be devoted to God? How does it help you? You may decide to raise onions or jasmines in your field according to your own liking, but you must pay the tax for utilising the land accordingly. Similarly the tax of the result of your actions is inescapable.

However you note one thing here. You pay income tax. You have to pay it proportionate to your income. There is no way out. But there is a provision for exemption. Be sure it is not definitely tax evasion. If you have paid some amount as premium to the Life Insurance Corporation, if you have paid some amount towards Provident Fund, you are eligible for some exemption out of the total tax payable by you. So, your taxable amount is reduced. Similarly, spiritual practices like daily prayer, service activity, meditation, worship, help you to reduce the intensity and magnitude of the consequences of your past actions which you face, karmaphala. They give you the courage and forbearance needed to endure the suffering.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! God is omnipresent. There is no place or object or person without divinity. All names as you have said are His. You have also said that all forms are His. In such a case how are we to comprehend, visualise and experience God.

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: Atmavat sarvabutani, eko vasl sarvabhutantaratma. Our scriptures say that God is the only one without a second. He has manifested Himself as many according to His will. ‘ekoham bahu syam,’ the one becoming many, everything is divine. The plurality or multiplicity or diversity is due to name and form.

You will notice that ‘jnani,’ the one who inquires, ‘jneya’, the one to be known and ‘jnana’ knowledge are one and the same. This is called ‘triputi’, trinity. Everything is out of that primordial principle of atma or consciousness.

The gross body, sthula, the subtle body, suksma, and the causal body, karana, of everyone are out of the atma only. You know the tamarind fruit. Its outer green covering, (physical, gross, sthula ), the middle soft pulp (subtle body, suksma), and the inner hard stone like seed (astral body, karana) are formed out of the original seed only. It is the seed that forms another seed in the times ahead. So, all the three are only atma.

I tell my students often, ‘You are not one, but three: the one you think you are (physical body), the one others think you are (individual mind), and the one you really are atma, conscience.’ You are born with a question, koham ? (Who am I?) If the reply is aham dehosmi , I am the body, it represents the first step, the one you think you are. To the same question koham, if the answer is aham, I am an individual jiva, it represents the second step, the one others think you are. But to the question koham, if the answer is aham brahmasmi, I am God, it conveys the real truth, the third step, the one you really are. This is your real nature.

It is the same atma that exists in all the three stages, jagrata, waking, svapna, dreaming and the susupti deep sleep. Atmavaisvanara plays all the three roles. Atmavaisvanara in the waking state operates in association with the body, the mind and the intellect. Atma functioning in the waking state may be called visva. Atmavaisvanara, functioning in a dream state, monitors the mind only. There is no body in the dreaming state as it lies on the bed. The entire thing is the creation of your mind only and the mind creates you when you pass through dream experiences. This atma of the dreaming state is known as taijasa. The third stage of deep sleep susupti also has the very same atma as in the previous two. In susupti the body, mind and intellect do not exist. Atma remains as an experiencer called prajna. So Atmavaisvanara left to itself is a pure, unsullied, unpolluted, eternal and immortal truth in the state of the ultimate turiya , expressed in the three levels of consciousness. In the waking state it is visva, in the dreaming it is taijasa while in deep sleep it is prajna. These are merely names given to the same atma in these three states, just as you know an actor playing three different roles. An actor by name Mallaya (equal to Atmavaisvanara, turiya state) plays the role of Dharmaja in one scene, visva, waking state, Arjuna in another scene, taijasa, dream state, and Bhima in still another scene, prajna , deep sleep state, while Mallaya (atma) remains the same basically.

So. in this universe everything is essentially atma. The five elements, the five senses of perception, the five senses of action, the five life breaths, the five life sheaths and the body constitute one wide area or realm called bhutakasa. The impact, influence, and effects of all these components of the sphere of bhutakasa (drawn from the outer world) are contained in or imprinted on a small sphere or field called chittakasa , viz. the mind, citta. But then there is atma which monitors and operates through the body, mind, intellect, the sense of ego (I-ness) known as cidakasa. These three are equivalent to the gross (sthula bhutakasa), the subtle (chittakasa- suksma) and the casual (cidakasa-karana) forms.

This is what Christ also said in his first statement, “I am the messenger of God”. This is dualism, dvaita. The next statement of Jesus was, “I am the son of God.: This is qualified non-dualism (visistadvaita).

Finally on the cross, Jesus said, “I and my Father in Heaven are one”. This is non dualism. In the Persian language too it is first said, “I am in the light”, which is the state of dvaita, dualism. Later it is said, “The light is in me”, which is qualified visistadvaita , nondualism and finally, it is stated, “I am the light”, which is advaita, nondualism. We can find in all these states unity in diversity. If you identify yourself with the body (aham dehosmi ), it is the one you think you are or, what Jesus said, ‘I am the messenger of God’ or it is bhutakasa which is dualism, dvaita. If you think you are an individual, jivi, the one others think you are or aham jivosmi, it yields the same meaning as in Jesus’ statement, “I am the son of God,” or the Persian declaration, “The light is in me” or chittakasa, qualified nondualism. But the final experience lies in knowing what you really are, aham brahmasmi, the same as what Christ said “I and my Father in Heaven are one” or the Persian declaration, “I am the light”, or cidakasa which is nondualism.

This is the one to be known and experienced. Hanuman said the same thing to Rama, “Oh! Rama! If I think I am the body, I am your servant; if I think I am an individual soul, jivi, you are my God, and if I think ‘I am atma’, you and I are one.” This is the path of enquiry that leads to the discovery of one’s true svarupa.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! God’s creation is absolutely good. Then, from where do we get anything bad in life? When there is nothing bad in your creation how can there be bad actions at all? Or do you say that there are both good and bad in your creation? Kindly clarify this doubt.

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: Creation is absolutely pure and good. There is no trace and scope for the bad to exist in God’s creation. It is only the factor of time that makes you take things as good or bad. You eat today a phalam, good fruit. Tomorrow, the very good fruit that you have eaten today transforms itself into malam, faeces. Is it not the same fruit? Is it not time that has brought about the change? Therefore, good and bad are present from your point of view. But to the divine both are the same as he is nondual.

God created everything for you to enjoy. It is in use that good and bad arise. For example, you brought all the necessary provisions from the market and kept them in the kitchen. It is now left for you to cook properly with these provisions. The taste depends on the way you cook, how and in what proportions you mix the provisions: You have the needed utensils and the material. Now it is up to you to cook your food properly and make it a delicacy. Similarly, God has given you everything. Good and bad depend on the way you use the material given to you.

Upanishad means the “inner” or “mystic teaching”. The term Upanishad is derived from “upa” (near), “ni” (down) and “shad” (to sit), i.e., sitting down near. Groups of pupils sit near the teacher to learn from him/her the secret doctrine. In the quietude of the forest hermitages the Upanishadic thinkers pondered on the problems of deepest concerns and communicated their knowledge to fit pupils near them. The most well known Upanishads are: Aitareya, Brihadaranyaka, Taittiriya, Chandogya, Kena, Isa, Svetasvatara, Katha, Mundaka, Mandukya, Prasna, Kausitaki, Maitrayani, Muktika and Shakta. The Satyopanishad is the Upanishad of Truth (Sathya) but more specifically the Truth as revealed by Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba. Anil Kumar questions the illustrious Guru and provides us with Sathya Sai Baba’s answers to ponder, ruminate and derive ananda.

Twenty Seven Pages Of Satyopanishad:
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Sundararupaya – Old Rare Pictures Of Baba IX

Sundararupaya – Old Rare Pictures Of Baba IX

Old Snap Of Sathya Sai Baba

Old Snap Of Sathya Sai Baba

Sathya Sai Baba: Remember that this present Avatar was assumed with the sole object of giving Ananda to the Bhakthas. Sai yearns for the love of a true Bhaktha even more intensely than the Bhaktha longs for Sai’s Love. Sai Baba is a veritable Kalpavriksha to His true devotees. He wants only nischala Prema not adambara and ahamkara (pomp and pride). He is always in the devotee’s heart, (hridaya nivasi), and when one is aware of this constant presence, all of you will be exalted and become worthy of My Love and Grace.

Rare Old Snap Of Sathya Sai Baba

Rare Old Snap Of Sathya Sai Baba

Sathya Sai Baba: I am in you and for you. You are for Me and in Me. Yet, I have an urge to tell you a little about Me and guide you. I am not won by adulation or lost by disregard. I am won by Truth, Genuineness, Sincerity. For, I have come with this human physical apparel for upholding the Truth. I am the Truth of the Truth, the Truth in all truths. This Form bears the Name, Truth (Sathya). The vitality within this Form is Truth. That is the Power which overpowers all powers.

Rare Old Pic Of Sathya Sai Baba

Rare Old Pic Of Sathya Sai Baba

Sathya Sai Baba: No matter where you go, always know that I will be there, inside you, guiding you. In the years to come, you will experience me in different manifestations of My forms. You are My very own, dearer than dear to me. I will protect you as the eyelids protect the eyes.

Rare Old Photograph Of Sathya Sai Baba

Rare Old Photograph Of Sathya Sai Baba

Sathya Sai Baba: The optical sense cannot visualise the truth. It gives only false and barren information. For example, there are many who observe My actions and start declaring that My nature is such and such. They are unable to gauge the sanctity, the majesty and the Eternal reality that is Me. The power of Sai is limitless. All forms of ‘Power’ are resident in this Sai Palm. But, those who profess to have understood Me, the scholars, the Yogis, the Pandits, the Jnanis all of them are aware only of the least important, the casual external manifestation of a infinitesimal part of the power, namely, the “miracles”! They have not desired to contact the source of all Power and all Wisdom, that is available here. They are satisfied when they secure a chance to exhibit their book learning and parade their scholarship in Vedic learning, not realising the Person from Whom the Vedas emanated is in their midst, for their sake. This has been the case, in all the ages. People may be very near (physically) to the Avatar, but, they lead their lives unaware of the fortune, exaggerating the role of miracles, which are trivial when compared to My Glory and My Majesty, as a mosquito is in size and strength to the elephant upon which it squats. Therefore, when you speak about these ‘miracles’, I laugh within Myself out of pity, but you allow yourself so easily to lose the precious awareness of My Reality.

Old Rare Photograph Of Sathya Sai Baba

Old Rare Photograph Of Sathya Sai Baba

Sathya Sai Baba: There is none, who can stop or diminish My splendour. It has no bounds. It can meet no obstacle.

Old Rare Picture Of Sathya Sai Baba

Old Rare Picture Of Sathya Sai Baba

Sathya Sai Baba: The astounding expressions of power which Swami is manifesting, the Power, the Majesty, the Wonders-these are characterised by some persons (who cannot bear with this Divinity) as miracle, mesmerism or magic. They indulge in this kind of vile propaganda. Mine is no miracle, mesmerism or magic. Mine is authentic Divine Power.

Old Rare Pic Of Sathya Sai Baba

Old Rare Pic Of Sathya Sai Baba

Sathya Sai Baba: Though Sai is involved in events conditioned by time and space, Sai is ever established in the Principle that is beyond both time, place or circumstance. Therefore, you must all recognise the uniqueness of the will of Sai, the Sai Sankalpa. Know that this Sankalpa is Vajrasankalpa, it is irresistible. You may ignore its expression as weak and not significant. But, once the will is formed, whatever else undergoes change, it cannot change. The Life of Sai, the Message of Sai, the Ideals Sai holds forth the lesson that Sai teaches the world are all enshrined in one word, Love.

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Satyopanishad – Upanishad Of Sri Sathya Sai – Part 20

Sathya Sai Baba

Sathya Sai Baba

Satyopanishad – Upanishad Of Sri Sathya Sai – Part 20
Anil Kumar Kamaraju Questions Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! We have been thinking that all things can be achieved through Self confidence. In your discourses today you mentioned Self protection and Self punishment also. Kindly explain these.

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: Quite often I mention to our boys these things Self confidence, Self satisfaction, Self sacrifice, and Self realisation. In addition to these, Self protection and Self punishment too are necessary. Self protection is the capacity to face anything with Self steadfastness. Then Self-punishment involves the faculties of examining one’s mistakes of one’s own accord, and of refraining from those mistakes through firm resolve. Self punishment is holding in check through repentance, possibilities of those mistakes.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! In the classes, we have learnt about self-awareness. How can our tendency be changed? Kindly teach us the appropriate technique.

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: I asked you, “What does ‘selfawareness’ mean?” Someone said, “Understanding”. This is not the correct answer. This word can be interpreted in two ways. In the worldly sense, it refers to looking at oneself, i.e., selfishness. Knowledge concerning this can be called “self awareness”. Spiritually, its meaning is quite different. In spiritual terms, all that is, is merely the Self. The key to all actions and all experiences lies within the Self. The body, mind, senses, and intellect are just instruments of the Self. Without the Self, these are useless. These are to the self what the head, leg, hand, and so on are to the body. Now I asked you what is meant by ‘tendency’. Someone replied, “attitude”, and another “nature”. These are not correct. It is an innate orientation. Tendency exists in man in three modes. Their names are animal tendency, human tendency, and divine tendency. Of these, the first runs after sense objects. The second is marked by discrimination, though coloured by desires. The third is totally devoid of desires, attachment, and ‘I’ and ‘Mine’. There may be an attachment and sense of ‘I’ and ‘mine’ in life, but life is not for the pursuit of these.

You asked for an appropriate technique. When I asked for the meaning of that word, one called it ‘method,’ and another, ‘procedure.’ These two are not correct. The technique is vidhividhanam. What ought to be done is vidhi. How to do it is vidhanam. There is only one technique for Selfawareness. You have to have awareness that you are the atma, the Self. I refer to it as Constant Integrated Awarensss. This Self or Atma is truly God. You are the embodiment of God. Here you should remember three things.

i) What is it that once it is had, is never lost, what is it? Jnana. In other words, when jnana occurs, that is, when there is awareness, it never is lost.

ii) What is it which once lost can never be had again? Ajnana, ignorance. When once ajnana is lost, you cannot have it again.

iii) What is it that is neither lost nor had? Brahmam, Self, Atma, this may be called ‘SelfAwareness.’

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! How are we to realise the existence of divinity, and by what intimation are we to cognise it? Swami is pleased to refer to it in the charming phrase, “Constant Integrated Awareness”. How are we to achieve this Awareness?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: The idea that all forms and all names belong to God is verily Constant Integrated Awareness. The experience of sarvan visnumayam jagat, the world is pervaded by Vishnu, is but Constant Integrated Awareness. God can be experienced in any form, at any time or place.

The life of Tulasidas illustrates this beautifully. He could not recognise God even when He approached him and talked to him. One day Tulasidas sat under a tree, grinding a piece of sandalwood on a mortar to prepare the paste. Right then, two cowherd boys came there and asked him, “Grandfather! Will you give us some sandal paste?” Then, Tulasidas replied, “My children! I am preparing this for Lord Sri Ramachandramurthi.” Two parrots, perched on a bough of that tree, observed this, and commented, “For whose sake is all this paste? Why doesn’t he realise it?” Tulasidas heard these, words. He knew the language of the birds. The next day, while he was preparing the paste, the two cowherd boys turned up. This time, even without asking him, they took some sandal paste into their palms, applied it to the forehead, and left. Tulasidas who had noticed this was dumbfounded. This time too he heard the birds’ comments from the branch of the tree, “Aha! What a wonder! Those for whom the sandal paste was prepared, had themselves come, and received it! What fortune!” As he knew the language of the birds, Tulasidas realised that the boys who had adorned themselves with the paste were, indeed, Rama and Lakshmana. Out of ignorance, he had at first denied them.

You may have heard of Vemana too. He was a thinker who belittled worship offered to stones and idols. He used to doubt, “God, who pervades the whole world, how can He be inside stone statues?” He used to make fun of idol worshippers. One day, his elder brother’s daughter, whom he loved dearly, passed away. Grief-stricken, he kept on gazing at the little girl’s picture hanging on the wall. His elder brother’s wife was observing all this. One day, she threw down the picture. It broke into pieces. This was too much for Vemana to bear. Then, she said, “My son! My girl is no more, isn’t she? Why do you cry over a broken picture?” Vemana replied, “Mother! Though she is gone, her picture was here, wasn’t it? Looking at it has been some consolation for me. That is why when it broke into pieces, I am grieving ever more.” Then his elder brother’s wife counselled him admirably, “My son! It is very true that God is present everywhere. But, the devotee delights in seeing Him and worshipping Him in an idol as well. Just as you consoled yourself looking at the picture even though she whom you love is no more, the devotee invokes God in an idol, and offers it worship.” Straightaway Vemana grasped her message, and the secret behind idol worship. In this way, the experience of visualising the Supreme Lord in all places, times, and creatures is truly Constant Integrated Awareness. This can also be called the existence and intimation of Divinity.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! Very often, you keep referring to Human Values. Restoring these values is, indeed, a task this avatar has set for itself. Kindly enlighten us on how we may cognise their importance.

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: A man lacking human values has only the semblance of the outer form, and is not a man in action at all. The supremacy and the distinction of mankind depend on human values, Man’s birth has a purpose: cherishing his humanity and rising to divinity Satya, dharma, santi, prema and ahimsa, these five may be said to be the vital airs which together constitute the breath. Without the vital airs prana, apana, vyana, udana, samana, there is no question of man’s existence, is there? Afraid that truth may land man in difficulty, he has moved further and further away from satya. He is in such a sorry plight that he does not know what dharma is. Actually, man should never abandon these values, however troublesome the circumstances may be. Giving up these values so sacred is tantamount to committing suicide.

When truth is given up, it amounts to losing one of the five vital airs. The dictum, satyam vada, dharmam cara (Speak the truth, Act righteously), is the foremost in the culture of Bharat, and crucial to spiritual advancement. What is the principal cause of today’s turmoil? It is the total abandonment of satya and dharma. That is why prema is fast vanishing. In the absence of satya, dharma, santi and prema, himsa, violence, is on the rampage. In the home and the village, in the city and the state, even in the nation at large, we witness orgies of violence. Terrible, cruel, and heinous crimes are being committed. Human life has become empty. Even now, through faith in God, we can cultivate our human values. Like a parent grieving over a dimwitted child, Mother India is crying over the dearth of human values in its citizenry. Moral, religious, and spiritual values have sunk to the bottom. Note how different King Dushyanta, educated in the city, lacking all values; is from his son, Bharata, who imbibed human values through education in an asram. Education for livelihood is not worth the name. True education trains pupils to cognize the highest goals of life, and spurs them to realise human values.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! Why do we need human values? What is their role in our lives?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: In this world every individual and every material has a value. Each one has his or its own value. There is nothing in this world that has no value. Unfortunately in the present day world it is only man who has lost his value. His life is spent without any value. Hence, man has become worse than an animal. Even the body of a bird ora small animal like a rabbit, even after it is killed, has a value. Its flesh or meat is useful. But man, even if he were an emperor, has no value soon after he dies. So, there is every need to live with values. You should fill your lives with values. You should live a valuable life.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! How can weacquire human values?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: It is not enough if you repeat like a parrot, the five human values – satya Truth, dharma Righteousness, santi Peace, prema love, and ahimsa Non­violence. It is not enough if you give lectures on human values. It is absolutely useless if you read books on human values. They have to be practised.

Just as ice is cold and fire is hot, a human being also should have human values, in a natural way. If you limit these values to mere lectures, they lose their value. An ounce, of practice is better than a ton of precepts. Your looking at the map of India doesn’t amount to your going round the country, does it? So also, by reading or lecturing on human values, you do not gain anything. If you sincerely practise any one of them, the rest will follow. A tree has the dharma of a tree. An animal has an animal dharma. Then should not a human being follow human dharma?

The qualities expected of a human being are called ‘human values’. In my opinion, if you develop prema all the other values will follow. Love is the chief quality. Love is God, God is love. Love is life. You have love. no doubt, but it is narrow. It is limited to you and your family, I and mine only. Love is not contraction as you have now. It is expansion. Love is selflessness, self is lovelessness. Be he atheist or an atheist, there is none in this world without love. You can win God’s grace only by love. It is the bond of love that exists between you and God.

What had made Lord Rama pleased with that squirrel in the Ramayana?
What scholarship had the boatman Guha that pleased Rama?
What status and riches had Sabari to win the love of Rama?
What accomplishments had the Gopis of Brindavan to become so close and intimate to Lord Krishna?

In all these instances, it was only pure love that made them enjoy proximity to God. Love excels physical strength, intelligence, wealth and authority. God looks for love in a devotee. Where there is love, there is truth.

For instance, if your son, after playing in the field returns home with his friend and asks you for a laddu, you may be tempted to say that there is no stock of sweets at home. But, if your son comes home all alone and asks for a sweet, you will immediately get into the kitchen and bring the whole tin of sweets for him to eat as many as he likes. See the difference! In the beginning, you denied a single sweet and later you placed the whole tin of sweets. Why? It is the love that you have for your son that made you speak the truth.

A word spoken with prema love, is satya truth. Any action that you do with love is dharma. All the unjust and unrighteous deeds that are happening today are only due to the absence of love. But an action done with love is bound to be righteous. When there is love, you enjoy peace. It is said that the face is the index of the mind. We shall know if one is peaceful, disturbed, or agitated by looking at one’s face. Satya is spoken, dharma is done, while santi is experienced. So, experience of love is peace. You will not be affected by blame or criticism. Your peace will be of that order, above negativity and accusation when it is supported by love. This is the understanding you will have in due course, with your heart full of love, and you will never hurt anybody in any manner. This is ahimsa, non-violence. Understanding with love is non-violence.

So, there is nothing in this world that you cannot attain with love. You will be an embodiment of all the human virtues and values once you develop this divine universal love.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! Now we understand that the defect of teaching lies somewhere in our schools, colleges and universities. Education is certainly not imparted in these institutions the way you are teaching. Where does the fault lie in our educational system?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: The knowledge you are acquiring from these educational institutions is not properly channelised and utilised. You have to nicely “skill” your knowledge. Then only there will be perfect balance between “knowledge” and “skill” in our education system. Today you do not “skill” the knowledge, but you “kill” it. So, the balance is lost. This is the main defect in modern education.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! To what extent are parents responsible for the degradation of values among children?

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: My opinion is that parents are soley responsible for spoiling children. Many parents behave like Dhritarashtra, the blind king of the Mahabharata. He never opposed or prevented his sons, the Kauravas, from doing any type of mischief, or misdeed. What happened to the king at the end? He was left with none to perform even his last rites or obsequies, though he had as many as a hundred sons. He ruined himself completely. Why? It was only his attachment to his sons that brought about his fall. The whole clan fell into disrepute due to his attachment.

It appears as though modern parents do not know how to bring up their children. As the son watches the T.V., the mother brings food from the kitchen, and serves it there. Keeping the plate in front of the T.V., the parents don’t teach them good manners and good behaviour. One with good manners is a man. The one with discipline is a devotee. The rest are only children.

Parents constantly think of career-oriented and highly promising education with prospects of going abroad.They want their children to settle in big positions, earn money, go abroad, and marry rich women and so on.

There is also another category of parents. When their children by chance go to a temple, they prevent them saying, “Are you going to the temple now? Why, at this age? You are very young. Should you be so religious at your age? You can be so after sixty.” Sometimes you also come across a father who asks his son to tell everyone who comes to see him that he is not home. What do you expect the son to learn from such a father?

In the modern age there are many children who are not fortunate enough to be brought up by the loving, sweet, and tender care of their mothers! Mothers are busy with their avocations, and spend their time in ladies clubs, in the market place, shopping, visiting friends, and so on and so forth, with the result that a child weeps only when the servant-maid dies and not when its own mother is lost. Why? The reason is that children haven’t known the love of a mother, only that of a servant-maid. This is the shameful situation today.

Who made emperor Sivaji great? Who made Gandhi a Mahatma? It is only his mother. It is entirely the responsibility of parents to mould their children into ideal citizens. If a girl is spoiled, the mother has to be blamed. If a boy is spoiled, the father must be held responsible. Parents should shape children in such a way as to win the appreciation of everyone. They should get a good name for their schools, society and country in general.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! Price hike is a common experience everywhere. People find it difficult to make both ends meet because of spiralling prices. We are eager to know Swami’s views on this issue of rising prices.

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: First of all you should know that man is more valuable than all the wealth in the world. Prices have gone up as man has gone down in human values. The day human values go up, the prices of commodities will come down. In fact, properties like land, jewellery, money, and houses, and physical comforts and conveniences have value only because of man. Since man is utilizing them, they are valuable; if not, they are useless.

For example, there is vast land available in a forest. It is very cheap to buy and own land there. You can easily go in for a plot or a site, whereas in cities like Bombay and Delhi, the cost of the land is so high that it is not within the reach of the common man. To get a plot of land there, even a small plot, costs a few lakhs. Why? Because many reside in the city. It is thickly populated. Every inch of land is fully utilised. But in a forest, hardly a few people live and as such the value of land is low there. Who is then responsible for the high cost of land? It is only man himself. If no one buys silver and gold, would you still call them valuable? No. It is man who makes the commodities, articles and properties either valuable or valueless. Since man has lost his own value, prices of various commodities have gone up. In order to bring down the prices, the value of man should be raised high by practising human values.

Question) Anil Kumar: Swami! You know everything. It is very true that we as parents must be blamed. You have pointed out exactly where our mistakes lie. However, today we do not see children respecting their parents. They do not follow instructions. They are most ungrateful. Kindly tell us how children should conduct themselves in the presence of their parents and how they should treat them.

Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba: You know the Vedic injunctions, matr devo bhava, pitr devo bhava, i.e., Mother is God and Father is God. One must follow these injunctions. The Epics also cite many instances of this direction.

The culture of Bharat demands that everyone should respect, love and serve his or her parents, and be very grateful because blood, head, duddu (Tamil word for ‘money’) and Godare only parent’s gifts. If you neglect your parents, you will face the same situation at the hands of your own children. As is the fruit you eat, so you belch. If you eat cucumber, you don’t belch the odour of a mango. If you sow a mango seed, do you expect a neem tree to grow from it? As is the seed, so is the tree. Everything comes back to you as reaction, reflection, and resound. This is as sure as anything. You can never escape the consequences. If you make your parents shed tears, your children will pass on to you the same fate.

Here is a small story. There lived a man by name Gopichand who had two sons. One day he was travelling in a train along with his wife. He wrote a letter to his sons asking them to meet him and his wife at the station. Both the sons came to the station accordingly. The eldest one did namaskar, salutation, to both the parents and enquired when they started, how the journey was, and if they wanted anything. The second son, on the other hand, did not greet them at all. His attitude to his father was rather arrogant. After some time, Gopichand said to his wife, “See! How our elder son greeted us and made enquiries, while the younger one did not!” His wife, then, said, “Don’t find fault with the second one like that. After all, he is young. He will change as he grows older. Don’t be angry withhim.”

Years passed. What happened finally? The eldest son who did prostration to his parents became a Judge in a court and was greeted honourably by everybody in society. The second son got the job of a peon in the same court and had to receive everyone and greet all and sundry with folded hands! This is the difference. Those who respect their parents will be respected by all. The one who doesn’t will not be respected by anyone.

The same lesson is that taught in our epics. In the Mahabharata, at the end of the battle of Kurukshetra, all the Kauravas died, and Queen Gandhari, wife of the blind king, Dritarashtra started blaming Krishna. She said, “Oh Krishna! You are very partial to the Pandavas. Now that my sons have all died in battle are you happy?” Krishna said to her, “See, Gandhari! Did you ever see your sons with your own eyes? (Gandhari blindfolded herself to be like her husband who was born blind). Did they at any point of time pay heed to your words of counsel? How do you expect them to be blessed by God when their own mother never cast a glance.”

The same is the teaching of the Ramayana also. Kusa and Lava, the twin brothers, could fight Lord Sri Ramachandra with all their valour and might. Why and how? The reason is, Lava and Kusa enjoyed the blessings of their mother Sita, and as a result, they could heroically face Lord Sri Ramachandra, their father. That is the power inherent in the blessings of parents.

Everyone must serve their parents. You need their blessings all the time. You know what your parents like, you know what to do to please them, and you know that you have been with them since you were born. If you can’t please them, how do you expect to please God who you have never seen, nor know what He wants you to do and what you ought to do? Parents are divine.

Upanishad means the “inner” or “mystic teaching”. The term Upanishad is derived from “upa” (near), “ni” (down) and “shad” (to sit), i.e., sitting down near. Groups of pupils sit near the teacher to learn from him/her the secret doctrine. In the quietude of the forest hermitages the Upanishadic thinkers pondered on the problems of deepest concerns and communicated their knowledge to fit pupils near them. The most well known Upanishads are: Aitareya, Brihadaranyaka, Taittiriya, Chandogya, Kena, Isa, Svetasvatara, Katha, Mundaka, Mandukya, Prasna, Kausitaki, Maitrayani, Muktika and Shakta. The Satyopanishad is the Upanishad of Truth (Sathya) but more specifically the Truth as revealed by Bhagavan Sri Sathya Sai Baba. Anil Kumar questions the illustrious Guru and provides us with Sathya Sai Baba’s answers to ponder, ruminate and derive ananda.

Twenty Seven Pages Of Satyopanishad:
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Language of the heart – Author Ramesh Sharma believes being spiritual is being human

Language of the heart – Author Ramesh Sharma believes being spiritual is being human
by Bissme S.

Since young, Ramesh Sharma has been fascinated about finding out the true purpose of human life. As he grew older, he continued with his quest, even going on trips to India to meet up with spiritual gurus.

Two years ago, the 53-year-old former salesman decided to write down his experiences.

A Buddhist Disciple Muk Tho’s Journey of Spiritual Mystic (Pristine Books, RM33.80) tells of some experiences which might seem ‘miraculous’ and somewhat out of this world.

For instance, there is the story about a garland his mother had placed on a photograph of Indian mystic Sathya Sai Baba which, his mother claimed, had grown longer.

“When she first told me about it, I didn’t believe her,” says Ramesh (bottom) at a recent reading of his book. “So when my mother told me again that the garland had grown longer, I was ready to prove her wrong.”

He decided to measure its length. To his surprise, he found the garland had actually grown longer! In the end, it grew so long that it touched the floor of the prayer room where the photo was placed.

Ramesh, who was 12 then, was speechless and spellbound.

Then when he was 15, he was stung on the hand by a bee. While getting ready to go to the hospital, his maid suddenly went into a trance and acted like she was possessed by the monkey god Hanuman (an Indian deity).

She grabbed his hand and sucked out the poison.

“I was trembling at that time,” he recalls. “Amazingly, the swelling on my hand went down.”

Another story also concerned his mother. During a trip to see Sathya Sai Baba in India years ago, she was given a locket by this holy man. But on the day she died, the locket mysteriously disappeared and was never found.

Of course, sceptics might have a hard time digesting some of these stories but Ramesh remains unperturbed.

“Miracles and divine interventions are experienced by people of all religions and races,” claims the author, who grew up in Penang.

“Spirituality cannot be found in books nor can it be intellectualised. It needs to be experienced through self endeavour and enquiry. Do not take my word for it.”

He encourages people to go on their own journey to find the meaning of life, love and god. “You cannot look for those things from other people’s experiences,” he adds.

Ramesh also believes that the human race will always want to be one with the Creator. “But man must be sincere in his quest to be connected to God. Being sincere means not asking for material wealth all the time. The human race always asks for the wrong things from God.

“Real happiness is not always equated to the material things in life but rather, it is within you – the way you feel and see things in life with contentment.”

He believes that God wants the human race to lead a fruitful life. “You should ask for virtues that will make you a better person. You should ask for strength and guidance.

“When you leave this world, you’re going to leave your money behind and where you’re going will depend on your good deeds.”

He dismisses the notion that being spiritual is about wearing robes, chanting mantras and meditating in a cave. “Being spiritual is being human,” he says. “And being human is about touching someone’s heart.”

Pointing to the late Mother Teresa as an example of a truly great human being, Ramesh says she once brought home a dying homeless man and bathed and cleaned him. She held his hand as he breathed his last.

“Before dying, the homeless man apparently told her: ‘I had lived my life as a pauper but I’m going to die as a king’.

The man was grateful that there was someone who loved him enough to clean him up and hold his hand on his deathbed. It is love that everyone is craving for, and not material wealth.”

It was his mother, Nivedita Joshi, who triggered his interest in spirituality. She was an ardent reader of books on this subject.

He was especially struck by a line in one book, Paramahansa Yogananda’s Autobiography of a Yogi. It says: “Why do you search for me when I am within you,” which he found very comforting.

Years later, when he inherited most of her books after her death, he read all of them and they opened up a whole new world of experiences for him – one that he cherishes till today.